FDA finds genetically altered salmon safe for dinner

Genetically engineered fish moves closer to approval

September 3, 2010 

AquaBounty salmon (rear) have a growth hormone gene from the chinook salmon added to a normal Atlantic salmon (front) that results in farmed salmon that grow to market size in about half the time as a normal Atlantic salmon -- 16 to 18 months rather than three years.

PHOTO COURTESY AQUABOUNTY / MCT

WASHINGTON -- The effort to win federal approval of genetically engineered salmon received a major boost Friday when the Food and Drug Administration released an analysis that deemed the fish safe to eat and unlikely to harm the environment.

AquaBounty Technologies Inc. of Waltham, Mass., has invested more than 14 years and nearly $60 million developing and seeking approval of its AquAdvantage salmon. The company says its fish look and taste like non-engineered North Atlantic salmon, consume up to 25 percent less food and reach market weight in half the time.

If approved, the fish would be the nation's first commercially produced animal that is genetically engineered for food.

"This is the culmination of a very long, very deliberate process," said AquaBounty Chief Executive Ronald Stotish. "We're pleased that the process is moving forward."

The analysis found the fish to be "as safe as food from conventional Atlantic salmon."

The FDA's Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee will hold public meetings Sept. 19-20 to review the analysis.

One point of controversy has been the potential for cross-breeding with wild salmon, an issue that has been of great concern to some environmental and food safety advocates, but was deemed "unlikely" in the FDA analysis.

The company has said that it intends to sell the genetically altered eggs -- which would be engineered to produce sterile female fish -- to producers who would be required to raise them inland to prevent the salmon from escaping into the wild.

At the egg production and out-growth facilities, the risk that fish might escape is "extremely small due to the presence of multiple, independent forms of physical (mechanical) containment at both facilities," the FDA analysis said.

But Wenonah Hauter, executive director at Food and Water Watch, a consumer advocacy organization that focuses on food and water policy, disputed that conclusion.

"The FDA also says that (AquaBounty's) promises are potentially misleading because up to 5 percent of eggs sold for growout could be fertile," Hauter said. "It seems very likely that there could be fertile salmon that are going to be put into commercial production."

Hauter said her organization planned to request a minimum six-month extension to the public comment period and additional public hearings at locations throughout the country.

"The FDA has had a number of deficiencies recently in their food safety oversight," Hauter said. "There should be more vetting and more people should be brought into this process."

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