History lesson comes to life

Posted on August 23, 2013 

Operation Magic Carpet airlifted 50,000 Yemenite Jews to Israel. Alaska Airlines employees flew in perilous conditions while helping to fulfill a Biblical prophecy that said the Yemenite Jews would return to their homeland "on the wings of eagles."


History lesson comes to life

From the end of 1948 to the fall of 1950, Alaska Airlines took part in the

airlift of 50,000 Jews from Yemen to the newly created nation of Israel. Known

as Operation Magic Carpet, Alaska Airlines employees flew in perilous

conditions while helping to fulfill a Biblical prophecy that said the Yemenite

Jews would return to their homeland "on the wings of eagles."


More than 60 years later a new museum in the state of Alaska pays tribute to

this piece of Alaska Airlines history. The Alaska Jewish Museum's first

featured exhibit, "On the Wings of Eagles: Alaska's Contribution to Operation

Magic Carpet," tells the story of a young Alaska Airlines and its employees'

heroic efforts to avert a humanitarian crisis during a trying time in world



"We decided to have the 'On the Wings of Eagles' exhibit at the museum because

of the unique melding of energies between disparate groups (Alaska Airlines,

the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, the State of Israel and the

American government) to ensure the rescue of virtually an entire population

from devastating circumstances," says Leslie Fried, the museum's curator.


The Yemenite Jews in Aden were living under extremely harsh conditions in the

years prior to and immediately following the birth of the State of Israel.


At the time, Alaska Airlines was the largest non-scheduled carrier in the

world. When the American Joint Distribution Committee contacted Alaska

President James A. Wooten, he was moved after seeing the terrible conditions

under which the Yemenite Jews lived in the Aden ghetto created by the British.

Throughout the next two years Captains Sam Silver, Warren Metzger, navigator

Elgen Long and Chief Pilot Robert McGuire Jr. along with many others airlifted

50,000 Jews to Tel Aviv. The approximately 430 flights Alaska Airlines made

were treacherous. Fuel was difficult to obtain, flight and maintenance crews

had to be positioned throughout the Middle East and sandstorms wreaked havoc on

the plane engines. There were no deaths during the flights though one plane was

forced to make a crash-landing after the loss of an engine.


Capt. Silver and Capt. Long (navigator with Alaska Airlines but later a captain

with Flying Tigers), and Darragh Metzger, daughter of Capt. Warren Metzger

attended the museum's grand opening this past July.


Tim Thompson, Alaska Airlines' manager of public affairs in Anchorage, learned

more about the carrier's participation in Operation Magic Carpet during a

conversation with the former Alaska Airlines pilots.


"What really struck me when I had the opportunity to talk with Sam, Elgen and

Darragh, while it was a different era, they held the same values and

commitments we as a group hold today," says Thompson. "It was amazing to bridge

60 years and know that, though the planes and conditions have changed, the

people who work at Alaska Airlines have not."


Alaska Airlines has been involved with a number of different historic projects

and events from helping build the Trans Alaska Pipeline to the Berlin Airlift.

Each composes a unique part of Alaska's history as a company.


"When you hear directly from the pilots that took part in this mission of

mercy, you realize that even back in 1949, there was that Alaska Spirit. It was

only natural that we take part in this exhibit as it not only tells the story

of this humanitarian relief effort, but also tells the story of who we are as

an airline today," says Thompson, adding that this is also the first museum of

its type in the state of Alaska. "Considering the subject matter, it seemed

natural for Alaska Airlines to take part."


Alaska Airlines helped support the museum, donating travel vouchers to bring

the pilots and their families to the opening, a monetary donation and the loan

of items from the Alaska Airlines archives such as pilot and flight attendant

uniform collections.


The exhibit provides a detailed look of the history of Operation Magic Carpet

through historic artifacts, such as the jacket worn by Capt. Metzger and video

footage of pilots sharing their airlift experiences. An interactive map also

illustrates for visitors where the planes traveled while transporting the



"It comes back to being able to tell the story of Alaska Airlines' rich history

that really makes us the airline we are today and to remember that what we do

today is what makes us that company people remember tomorrow," says Thompson.

"This is a good reminder that every day we have the opportunity to build on our

strengths and while not every day is a life or death mission, the little things

we do, being caring and compassionate for others and providing safe travel,

reflects directly on every employee, past, present and future."


The Operation Magic Carpet exhibit will be featured in the museum until June

2014. The museum is open 1-6 p.m. Sundays-Thursdays at 1221 E. 35th Ave. Call 770-7021.


For more information about the Alaska Jewish Museum, visit  Alaska Jewish Museum

This story is also posted online at Alaska Airlines website

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