INTERACTIVE: Browse legislation targeting government surveillance

McClatchy Washington BureauOctober 3, 2013 

In the months since former defense contractor Edward Snowden revealed the mass metadata collection programs run by the National Security Agency, legislators have proposed countless avenues to address growing public concern over the nation's intelligence practices.

Despite the issue taking a backseat to pressing debates over Syria and the budget, a resurgence of comprehensive NSA reform legislation has hit Capitol Hill in recent weeks, suggesting that some kind of congressional response is in the works. The question, experts say, is how strong that response will be. With these 20-plus bills – and more expected in the coming weeks – there's no easy answer. Browse through surveillance legislation introduced so far this year by selecting categories below or click on congress members to see which bills they have sponsored or cosponsored.

Chris Van Hollen (D-MD)
Jim Jordan (R-OH)

House legislation Van Hollen/Jordan FISA Court Bill

Still being written
FISA Court
  • Creates Office of the Constitutional Advocate in the FISA Court
Bob Goodlatte (R-VA)

House legislation House Judiciary Bill

Still being written
NSA Programs
  • Could place agressive limitations on span of programs
Patrick Leahy (D-VT)

Senate legislation Leahy/Sensenbrenner Bill

Introduced by Leahy at Senate Judiciary hearing Oct. 2, 2013
NSA Programs
  • Outlaw bulk domestic metadata collection programs
FISA Court
  • "Improve Judiicial review"
Transparency requirements
  • "Enhance public reporting"
  • Require Inspector General Reviews of programs, violations
Jim Sensenbrenner (R-WI)

House legislation Leahy/Sensenbrenner Bill

House version of proposed bicameral legislation has yet to be introduced.
NSA Programs
  • Outlaw bulk domestic metadata collection programs
FISA Court
  • "Improve Judiicial review"
Transparency requirements
  • "Enhance public reporting"
  • Require Inspector General Reviews of programs, violations
Dianne Feintsein (D-CA)
Saxby Chambliss (R-GA)

Senate legislation Feinstein/Chambliss, Senate Intel Bill

Closed mark-up postponed. Oct. 3, 2013
NSA Programs
  • Limit access to collected domestic metadata
  • Prohibit collection of content of phone calls
  • Clarify "reasonable and articulable suspiscion" standard
  • Presidential confirmation of NSA Director
  • Expand NSA authority to allow 6-day window for surveillance when foreign target enters U.S.
Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Mark Udall (D-CO)
Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Rand Paul (R-KY)

Senate legislation Intelligence Oversight and Surveillance Reform Act of 2013

Unveiled at press conference Sept. 25, 2013
NSA Programs
  • Forbids bulk collection of Americans' data
  • Forbids collection of American data by way of targeting a foreign number
  • Limits number of ""hops"" NSA can take from target phone number
FISA Court
  • Adds Constitutional Advocate to FISA Court
Transparency requirements
  • Declassification of FISA Court Opinions
  • Third party company reports on number of orders from NSA, how many were complied with, and number of users affected
Adam Schiff (D-CA)
John Carney (D-DE)

House legislation Ensuring Adversarial Process in the FISA Court

Referred to House Judiciary Committee Sept. 20, 2013
FISA Court
  • Appoints public interest advocate to FISA court
  • Allows non-government groups to submit briefs to FISA Court
Mike Thompson (D-CA)
Frank LoBiondo (R-NJ)
Luis Gutiérrez (D-IL)
Randy Forbes (R-VA)

House legislation Intelligence Oversight and Accountability Act of 2013

Referred to House Judiciary Committee Sept. 16, 2013
FISA Court
  • FISA Court opinions to Congress within 45 days of enactment
Zoe Lofgren (D-CA)
Jason Chaffetz (R-UT)
John Conyers (D-MI)
Jerrold Nadler (D-NY)
Blake Farenthold (R-TX)
Suzan DelBene (D-WA)
Ted Poe (R-TX)
Jared Polis (D-CO)
Justin Amash (R-MI)
Thomas Massie (R-KY)

House legislation Surveillance Order Reporting Act of 2013

Referred ti Subcommittee on Homeland Security Sept. 13, 2013
Transparency requirements
  • Quarterly reports on number of demands made by NSA
  • Number of demands complied with
  • Number of user accounts affected
Al Franken (D-MN)
Tom Udall (D-NM)
Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Mark Udall (D-CO)
Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Jon Tester (D-MT)
Ed Markey (D-MA)
Dick Durbin (D-IL)
Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)

Senate legislation Surveillance Transparency Act of 2013

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee Aug. 1, 2013
FISA Court
  • Annual unclassified reports from FISA Court and NSA to congress on number of Americans under surveillance, number of Americans' whose data was collected
Transparency requirements
  • Third party company reports on number of orders from NSA, how many were complied with, and number of users affected.
Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Tom Udall (D-NM)
Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Brian Schatz (D-NM)
Dick Durbin (D-IL)
Jeff Merkley (D-OR)

Senate legislation FISA Judge Selection Reform Act

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. Aug. 1, 2013
FISA Court
  • Increases FISA Court to 13 judegs
  • Limits tenure to one 7-year term
  • Calls for investigation in to FISA Court diversity
  • No FISA court judge can hear a case that was denied by previous FISA Court judge
Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Patty Murray (D-WA)
Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Tom Udall (D-NM)
Mark Udall (D-CO)
Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
Chris Coons (D-DE)
Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI)
Jon Tester (D-MT)
Al Franken (D-MN)
Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Ed Markey (D-MA)
Mazie Hirono (D-HI)
Brian Schatz (D-HI)

Senate legislation FISA Court Reform Act of 2013

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. Aug. 1, 2013
FISA Court
  • Adds Special Advocate to FISA Court to represent privacy, civil liberties
Transparency requirements
  • Public release of FISA Court decisions since 2003
Stephen Lynch (D-MA)
Jim Himes (D-CT)

House legislation Privacy Advocate General of 2013

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. Sept. 15, 2013
FISA Court
  • Creates Executive office for Privacy Advocate General, to serve as adversarial voice on FISA Court
Rush Holt (D-NJ)

House legislation Surveillance State Repeal Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. July 14, 2013
NSA programs
  • Repeals U.S. Patriot Act, FISA Amendments Act that allow for bulk metadata collection programs
FISA Court
  • "Special Master" with technological expertise added to court.
  • Protections for Gov't workers who want to challenge FISA Court
Adam Schiff (D-CA)
Ted Poe (R-TX)
Rush Holt (D-NJ)
Jared Huffman (D-CA)
Chris Van Hollen (D-MD)

House legislation Presidential Appointment of FISA Court Judges Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. Sept. 13, 2013
FISA Court
  • Presidential Appointment and Senate confirmation of FISA Court judges
Rick Larsen (D-WA)
Justin Amash (R-MI)

House legislation Government Surveillance Transparency Act of 2013

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. Sept. 13, 2013
Transparency requirements
  • 90-day reports from third party companies on amount of data, type of data, and number of user accounts it was compelled to turn over to the NSA
Stephen Lynch (D-MA)

House legislation Telephone Surveillance Accountability Act of 2013

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. july 11, 2013
NSA programs
  • Forbids searching through telephony metadata without a warrant
  • Requires statement of facts for reasonable, articulable suspiscion to be granted warrant
Transparency requirements
  • Monthly reports from FBI on searches of telephony metadata
Dennis Ross (R-FL)

House legislation Relevancy Act

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. July 15, 2013
NSA programs
  • Limits number of "hops" NSA can take form targeted phone number
Steve Cohen (D-TN)
Matt Cartwright (D-PA)
Emanuel Cleaver (D-MO)
John Conyers (D-MI)
Jim Cooper (D-TN)
Jimmy Duncan (R-TN)
Keith Ellison (D-MN)
George Miller (D-CA)
Chellie Pingree (D-ME)
Jared Polis (D-CO)
Peter Welch (D-VT)
John Yarmuth (R-KY)

House legislation FISA Court Accountability Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. July 15, 2013
FISA Court
  • 3 FISA Court judges appointed by President
  • 2 each from each office of congressional leadership
  • Each FISA Court decision submitted to Congress
Transparency requirements
  • Each FISA Court decision submitted to Congress
Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Mark Begich (D-AK)
Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Chris Coons (D-DE)
Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Mike Lee (R-UT)
Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Jon Tester (D-MT)
Tom Udall (D-NM)
Mark Udall (D-CO)
Ron Wyden (D-OR)

Senate legislation FISA Accountability and Protection Act of 2013

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. June 24, 2013
NSA programs
  • Speeds up expiration of FISA Amendments Act from 2017 to 2015
  • Limits number of "hops" NSA can take from target phone number
Transparency requirements
  • Annual unclassified report to congress on NSA programs and effectiveness
Adam Schiff (D-CA)
Todd Rokita (R-IN)
Bill Enyart (D-IL)
Rush Holt (D-NJ)
Jackie Speier (D-CA)
Beto O'Rourke (D-TX)
Henry Waxman (D-CA)
Hank Johnson (D-GA)

House legislation Ending Secret Law Act

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. July 15, 2013
FISA Court
  • FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 45 days of enactment
  • Prior FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 180 days of law's enactment
Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)
Jim Moran (D-VA)
Yvette Clarke (D-NY)
John Lewis (D-GA)
Hank Johnson (D-GA)
Barbara Lee (D-CA)
Danny Davis (D-IL)
Jim McGovern (D-MA)
Karen Bass (D-CA)
Charles Rangel (D-NY)
David Cicilline (D-RI)

House legislation FISA Court in the Sunshine Act of 2013

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. July 15, 2013
FISA Court
  • FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 45 days of enactment
  • Prior FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 180 days of law's enactment
Mark Udall (D-CO)
Mark Begich (D-AK)
Dick Durbin (D-IL)
Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Mike Lee (D-UT)
Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Lisa Murkowski (R-AK)
Tom Udall (D-NM)
Ron Wyden (D-OR)

Senate legislation To Modify FISA...

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. June 18, 2013
NSA programs
  • Increases standard of evidence needed for NSA to collect data
  • More stringent procedures to minimize information NSA gives to FBI
John Conyers (D-MI)
Justin Amash (R-MI)
Jerrold Nadler (D-NY)
Mick Mulvaney (R-SC)
Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)
Paul Broun (R-GA)
Hank Johnson (D-GA)
Jimmy Duncan (R-TN)
Judy Chu (D-CA)
Morgan Griffith (R-VA)
Suzan DelBene (D-WA)
Walter Jones (R-NC)
Bill Enyart (D-IL)
Thomas Massie (R-KY)
Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI)
Tom McClintock (R-CA)
Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ)
Steve Pearce (R-NM)
Rush Holt (D-NJ)
Trey Radel (R-FL)
Barbara Lee (D-CA)
Matt Salmon (R-AZ)
Jim McDermott (D-WA)
Jim McGovern (D-MA)
Beto O'Rourke (D-TX)
Jared Polis (D-CO)
Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ)

House legislation LIBERT-E Act

Added to Defense Authorization Bill; Voted down 205 to 217. June 17, 2013
NSA programs
  • NSA can only collect data on specific individual, not related persons
  • Increases relevance standard
FISA Courts
  • AG must publicly release FISA Court opinions within 180 days
  • FISA court documents available to Congress within 45 days of enactment
Bernie Sanders (I-VT)

House legislation Restore Our Privacy Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. June 13, 2013
NSA programs
  • NSA needs to provide "specific and articulable facts" for each piece of information it wants to query
FISA Court
  • Semiannual report from FISA Court on the number of requests for data from third party companies, and status of those requests
Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Mike Lee (R-UT)
Dean Heller (R-UT)
Patrick Leahy (D-UT)
Al Franken (D-MN)
Jon Tester (D-MT)
Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Richard Blumenthal (D-CT)
Rand Paul (R-KY)

Senate legislation Ending Secret Law Act

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee June 11, 2013
FISA Court
  • FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 45 days of enactment
  • Prior FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 180 days of law's enactment
Rand Paul (R-KY)

Senate legislation Fourth Amendment Restoration Act

Placed on Senate legislative calendar June 10, 2013
NSA programs
  • Restricts the NSA or any government agency from collecting phone records without a warrant
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Source: McClatchy Washington Bureau
Graphic: Danny Dougherty

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