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Beauty and the Beast: A Timeline

• 1740 Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve publishes "La Belle et la Bête," in a collection of stories titled "The Young American."

• 1756 Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont publishes her shortened version of Villeneuve's tale in French. An English translation appears the following year.

• 1771 Composer Andre Gretry composes an opera based on the story, "Zémire et Azor." It has enormous success well into the 19th century.

• 1946 Jean Cocteau directs a French language movie of the story starring Jean Marais with music by impressionist composer Georges Auric. This marks the debut of Belle's suitor, here named Avenant, who presumptuously attacks the Beast.

• 1952 An animated film, "The Scarlet Flower," directed by Lev Atamanov, is produced in the Soviet Union.

• 1976 George C. Scott is nominated for an Emmy award for his performance in a made-for-TV "Hallmark Hall of Fame" rendition.

• 1984 Susan Sarandon and Klaus Kinski star in copy of Cocteau's film as part of Shelly Duvall's "Faerie Tale Theatre."

• 1987 A live-action musical movie with music by Lori McKelvey stars John Savage and Rebecca De Mornay.

• 1987 A television detective series putting the action in New York and starring Linda Hamilton and Ron Perlman goes on the air. It runs for two years.

• 1991 Walt Disney Feature Animation produces the animated musical film with songs by Alan Menken and Howard Ashman. Belle's handsome but flawed suitor, renamed Gaston, is borrowed from Cocteau. But the appearance of Beast's servants, transformed into household objects, is a Disney innovation. It won Academy Awards for best song and best original score and is widely esteemed as a classic.

• 1994 Composer Philip Glass writes a minimalist "opera" score to accompany Cocteau's film version of the story.

• 1999 The Disney movie is turned into a Broadway musical. It runs for 5,464 performances, closing on July 29, 2007.

• 2003 Director David Lister sets the story in the Viking period. This film is also known as "Blood of Beasts."

• 2008 "Spike," a grim, modern version directed by Robert Beaucage is included in the Best of Fest picks at the Edinburgh International Film Festival.

• 2011 "Beastly," directed by Daniel Barnz and based on a novel by Alex Flinn, sets the story in a Manhattan high school.

• 2012 Disney will release a 3D version of the 1991 animated film on Friday.

Literary variations

• "Beauty and the Werewolf," by Mercedes Lackey.

• "Crazy Beautiful," by Lauren Baratz-Logsted. Beast is a young teenage boy who has lost his hands in an explosion.

• "Heart's Blood," by Juliet Marillier, resets the story during the Norman invasion of England.

• "Beast," by Donna Jo Napoli, resets the story in Persia and tells it from Beast's point of view.

• "Roses and Thorns," by Chris Anne Wolfe, makes both of the protagonists female.

• "Beast," in "The Rose and the Beast: Fairy Tales Retold," by Francesca Lia Block, depicts Belle as enjoying the wildness of things and becoming depressed when the Beast returns to human form.

• "Tiger's Curse," by Colleen Houck, takes the action to India where the Beast is a prince turned into a tiger.

• "Angelfish," by Laurence Yep strips the love story out of the fairy tale.