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INTERACTIVE: Browse legislation targeting government surveillance

Ali Watkins

In the months since former defense contractor Edward Snowden revealed the mass metadata collection programs run by the National Security Agency, legislators have proposed countless avenues to address growing public concern over the nation's intelligence practices.

Despite the issue taking a backseat to pressing debates over Syria and the budget, a resurgence of comprehensive NSA reform legislation has hit Capitol Hill in recent weeks, suggesting that some kind of congressional response is in the works. The question, experts say, is how strong that response will be. With these 20-plus bills – and more expected in the coming weeks – there's no easy answer.

Browse through surveillance legislation introduced so far this year by selecting categories below or click on congress members to see which bills they have sponsored or cosponsored.

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Van Hollen/Jordan FISA Court Bill

Still being written

Creates Office of the Constitutional Advocate in the FISA Court

House Judiciary Bill

Still being written

Could place agressive limitations on span of programs

Leahy/Sensenbrenner Bill

Introduced by Leahy at Senate Judiciary hearing Oct. 2, 2013

Outlaw bulk domestic metadata collection programs

"Improve Judiicial review"

"Enhance public reporting"

Require Inspector General Reviews of programs, violations

Leahy/Sensenbrenner Bill

House version of proposed bicameral legislation has yet to be introduced.

Outlaw bulk domestic metadata collection programs

"Improve Judiicial review"

"Enhance public reporting"

Require Inspector General Reviews of programs, violations

Feinstein/Chambliss, Senate Intel Bill

Closed mark-up postponed. Oct. 3, 2013

Limit access to collected domestic metadata

Prohibit collection of content of phone calls

Clarify "reasonable and articulable suspiscion" standard

Presidential confirmation of NSA Director

Expand NSA authority to allow 6-day window for surveillance when foreign target enters U.S.

Intelligence Oversight and Surveillance Reform Act of 2013

Unveiled at press conference Sept. 25, 2013

Forbids bulk collection of Americans' data

Forbids collection of American data by way of targeting a foreign number

Limits number of ""hops"" NSA can take from target phone number

Adds Constitutional Advocate to FISA Court

Declassification of FISA Court Opinions

Third party company reports on number of orders from NSA, how many were complied with, and number of users affected

Ensuring Adversarial Process in the FISA Court

Referred to House Judiciary Committee Sept. 20, 2013

Appoints public interest advocate to FISA court

Allows non-government groups to submit briefs to FISA Court

Intelligence Oversight and Accountability Act of 2013

Referred to House Judiciary Committee Sept. 16, 2013

FISA Court opinions to Congress within 45 days of enactment

Surveillance Order Reporting Act of 2013

Referred ti Subcommittee on Homeland Security Sept. 13, 2013

Quarterly reports on number of demands made by NSA

Number of demands complied with

Number of user accounts affected

Surveillance Transparency Act of 2013

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee Aug. 1, 2013

Annual unclassified reports from FISA Court and NSA to congress on number of Americans under surveillance, number of Americans' whose data was collected

Third party company reports on number of orders from NSA, how many were complied with, and number of users affected.

FISA Judge Selection Reform Act

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. Aug. 1, 2013

Increases FISA Court to 13 judegs

Limits tenure to one 7-year term

Calls for investigation in to FISA Court diversity

No FISA court judge can hear a case that was denied by previous FISA Court judge

FISA Court Reform Act of 2013

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. Aug. 1, 2013

Adds Special Advocate to FISA Court to represent privacy, civil liberties

Public release of FISA Court decisions since 2003

Privacy Advocate General of 2013

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. Sept. 15, 2013

Creates Executive office for Privacy Advocate General, to serve as adversarial voice on FISA Court

Surveillance State Repeal Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. July 14, 2013

Repeals U.S. Patriot Act, FISA Amendments Act that allow for bulk metadata collection programs

"Special Master" with technological expertise added to court.

Protections for Gov't workers who want to challenge FISA Court

Presidential Appointment of FISA Court Judges Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. Sept. 13, 2013

Presidential Appointment and Senate confirmation of FISA Court judges

Government Surveillance Transparency Act of 2013

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. Sept. 13, 2013

90-day reports from third party companies on amount of data, type of data, and number of user accounts it was compelled to turn over to the NSA

Telephone Surveillance Accountability Act of 2013

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. july 11, 2013

Forbids searching through telephony metadata without a warrant

Requires statement of facts for reasonable, articulable suspiscion to be granted warrant

Monthly reports from FBI on searches of telephony metadata

Relevancy Act

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. July 15, 2013

Limits number of "hops" NSA can take form targeted phone number

FISA Court Accountability Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. July 15, 2013

3 FISA Court judges appointed by President

2 each from each office of congressional leadership

Each FISA Court decision submitted to Congress

Each FISA Court decision submitted to Congress

FISA Accountability and Protection Act of 2013

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. June 24, 2013

Speeds up expiration of FISA Amendments Act from 2017 to 2015

Limits number of "hops" NSA can take from target phone number

Annual unclassified report to congress on NSA programs and effectiveness

Ending Secret Law Act

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. July 15, 2013

FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 45 days of enactment

Prior FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 180 days of law's enactment

FISA Court in the Sunshine Act of 2013

Referred to Subcommittee on Homeland Security. July 15, 2013

FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 45 days of enactment

Prior FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 180 days of law's enactment

To Modify FISA...

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee. June 18, 2013

Increases standard of evidence needed for NSA to collect data

More stringent procedures to minimize information NSA gives to FBI

LIBERT-E Act

Added to Defense Authorization Bill; Voted down 205 to 217. June 17, 2013

NSA can only collect data on specific individual, not related persons

Increases relevance standard

AG must publicly release FISA Court opinions within 180 days

FISA court documents available to Congress within 45 days of enactment

Restore Our Privacy Act

Referred to House Judiciary Committee. June 13, 2013

NSA needs to provide "specific and articulable facts" for each piece of information it wants to query

Semiannual report from FISA Court on the number of requests for data from third party companies, and status of those requests

Ending Secret Law Act

Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee June 11, 2013

FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 45 days of enactment

Prior FISA Court opinions reported to congress within 180 days of law's enactment

Fourth Amendment Restoration Act

Placed on Senate legislative calendar June 10, 2013

Restricts the NSA or any government agency from collecting phone records without a warrant

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Source: McClatchy Washington Bureau

©MCT2013

Graphic: Danny Dougherty

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Ali Watkins
McClatchy Washington Bureau