The Palmer Hay Flats is a land of many faces. It could be mistaken as an African savannah under the glare of the evening sun, while at high tide it looks to be more its true self -- a vast stretch of Alaskan wetlands. The water rises and falls hourly, with a difference of around 30 feet from high to low tide, sometimes swallowing whole chunks of grassland on its way out. It truly is a dramatic landscape.
This grassland sits at the edge of Knik Arm, a part of the larger Cook Inlet. It is home to many creatures both large and small. Birds like sandpipers, ducks, and cranes raise their young here before migrating south for the long, harsh Alaskan winter. Moose, coyotes, fox, and other land animals come out to the tidal flats in the early morning to hunt, graze, or perhaps just stop by in passing. And unbeknownst to many, marine mammals such as seals and beluga whales ride the high tide to feed on salmon and other food in the shallow waters.
I have grown up with this land of constant change, and while some of the changes are natural and inevitable, many are not. In the past few decades, the population of the Mat-Su Valley -- and especially Knik-Goose Bay Road - has grown exponentially. With the rapid upsurge in construction and land use comes a change in environment -- wildlife is being disturbed, hay flats are not being treated as they should, and more and more land is being displaced.
Many see the hay flats as purely recreational land. I wholeheartedly believe that people shouldn't be banned from venturing into these flats, but they must be regulated. As more and more ATV trails, trash, and other signs of human presence appear, the land loses a little more of its soul. Wildlife will not come back, the hay flats will erode so badly that no one will have the unique opportunity to enjoy this surreal land. The grass is all that holds this magical land together, and without it the flats might just sink back into the inlet that they came from.
It is crucial -- now more than ever -- that we bring a sense of respect to this landscape and all that it holds before it is too late. Many species that frequent this landscape are critical to its continuation. NOAA cites that there is a population of less than 500 belugas, down from over 1300 in the late 1990s. The hay flats is an important part of this marine ecosystem and is necessary for the recovery of the belugas. The population of seals in the inlet is also decreasing, while overfishing has been cited as a possible cause of population decline for both of these marine mammals. NOAA recently designated Knik Arm as a level 1 critical habitat for the Cook Inlet belugas, a level of highest importance. But I believe more action than this is needed. The hay flats need to be federally protected and regulated so that they do not turn into a dumping ground for human waste.
Devdharm Khalsa is a freelance photographer, college student, and world traveler. He will be blogging from Morocco starting in September. Follow his travels here: devdharmkhalsa.zenfolio.com/blog