In his opinion piece published in ADN on Feb. 13, Karl Johnstone gave a eulogy at the graveside of Cook Inlet commercial salmon fishing. Actually, the industry is alive and well and helping Alaskans get through these economic hard times.
Johnstone uses the same old tired, outdated arguments: There are not enough salmon in the Inlet for all users; Inlet salmon can't compete with farmed salmon, sportfisheries are so much more valuable than commercial fisheries, etc.
He cites an economic report about angler spending that was conducted prior to the national recession in 2008 and the recent king salmon decline and compares the numbers to the very lowest possible measure of commercial harvest value in the Inlet on a bad year.
Johnstone claims that Alaska salmon can't compete with farmed salmon. Twenty years ago that was a problem but the industry adapted and now wild Alaska salmon have a solid market niche and Inlet sockeye is a very premium, sought-after product in America.
The worst economic lie that he and his pals have been promoting is that the sport industry and personal-use fisheries could actually grow large enough to replace the value of the commercial industry to our state.
It can't happen.
There is no way that the available, renewable, surplus salmon in the Inlet could be harvested without commercial fishing, even if you lined every inch of every beach with personal use dipnets. In-river sportfishing capacity is already maxed out. For each of the past six years the Kenai River has had overescapements. All of the dipnetters and anglers in the river could not harvest the (average annual) half a million excess sockeye that swam through.
When properly managed, Cook Inlet is the fourth-largest commercial salmon fishery in the state. With good management, there are enough salmon in Cook Inlet for everyone. And we need the economic benefit for all the users, especially now.
Big, beautiful Cook Inlet commercial sockeye salmon is a keystone component of the Southcentral Alaska seafood industry. The latest economic study of this industry (McDowell Group, 2015), based on 2013 data, found that 8,130 full-time equivalent jobs were provided and $1.2 billion was generated in total economic output annually.
Johnstone has finally "outed" himself here as an opponent of commercial fishing. His strong prejudice against commercial fishing was always very evident during his years as a member, and then as the chairman, of the Alaska Board of Fisheries. During Johnstone's time on the Fish Board, the viability of the commercial salmon fishing industry in the Inlet was systematically undermined while the interests of the guided sport fishing industry were actively promoted.
Johnstone's work on the Fish Board resulted in myriad arbitrary, unscientific restrictions on commercial fishing that have made it impossible for the Alaska Department of Fish and Game to manage the fishery properly. Overescapements into the Kenai are one direct consequence of this. Those excess fish that were not needed for spawning, and were not caught in-river by personal-use or sportfishers, would have been worth more than $70 million to the commercial industry.
This is a terrible waste of a resource and harms the salmon runs.
If Johnstone gets what he wants — the end of commercial fishing in the Inlet — he'll wreck the salmon resource and the local and regional economy. There's a reason he is no longer on the Fish Board.
Catherine Cassidy is a drift gillnet permit holder and has worked in the Cook Inlet commercial fishing industry for 29 years. She lives in Kasilof.
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