National Opinions

OPINION: Fitness is back, but how long will we feel the burn?

Struggling to find a space at that reformer Pilates or spin class? Just wait a little bit longer. As new year’s resolutions crumble and Dry January gives way to after-work drinks, those fitness lightweights could soon fall by the wayside.

But gyms shouldn’t sweat it just yet.

The fitness sector has roared back after being devastated by the pandemic. Although soaring costs and a slide into recession now pose a threat, there are grounds for optimism. Clubs may feel less of a burn from this contraction — if it comes — than previous downturns.

COVID-19 forced fitness centers around the world to close, as many members, who were used to working out in the gym two or three times a week, discovered the joys of Zoom yoga or bought a Peloton bike.

In Europe, fitness operators have also had to pay much more for their energy. This has prompted some to cut costs, like the U.K.’s Nuffield Health, which closed all the hot tubs in its gyms.

Factor in financial pressure on consumers on both sides of the Atlantic, and that monthly gym membership looks ripe to be purged. Squeezed finances may be a more pressing issue than squeezed waistlines.

Pure Gym, Europe’s second-biggest fitness operator, said in November that it had seen the pace of recovery slow, with September and October weaker than expected. Meanwhile, rival The Gym Group is becoming cautious: The U.K.-listed company expects to open up to 20 sites this year, down from 28 in 2022.


Still, there are grounds for optimism. Even if western markets do fall into recession this year, the fitness sector may be more resilient than after the 2008 financial crisis.

Since the omicron variant disrupted in-person workouts last January, demand has returned to normal seasonal levels. ClassPass, which provides access to gym and studio classes, saw global reservations rise 50% in January 2023, compared with December, in line with pre-pandemic patterns.

Gym usage has also rebounded strongly. In the week to Jan. 9, foot traffic to U.S. fitness centers was 13.1% higher than in 2020, just before when COVID hit, according to, which tracks visits.

In Europe, most operators are experiencing membership very close to — or even at — pre-COVID levels. Fitness enthusiasts are also using facilities more often than they did before the outbreak.

It makes sense if you think about it. The pandemic put a greater emphasis on protecting health. David Lloyd found that 70% of people joining its clubs recently were doing so for mental health and well-being. And research by PwC has found that exercise was toward the bottom of the list of spending that U.K. consumers planned to cut.

Working from home helps, too. Although it has made life more challenging for city-center clubs, it has bolstered usage of suburban sites. Plus, a more flexible schedule affords more opportunity for exercise. David Lloyd, for example, has made a virtue of its spacious clubs close to where people live, offering places to work as well as work out.

While some people will inevitably be forced to give up their monthly membership, many wavering gym-goers have already gone. In the U.K., about 1 million so-called “sleepers,” who pay for facilities but never use them, disappeared during the pandemic, according to David Minton, founder of Leisure Database.

Those who remain are committed members. And their business will be shared among fewer gyms — those that survived the past three years.

Yet even against this backdrop, the budget sector, led by the U.S.’s Planet Fitness, looks best-placed. Low monthly payments, typically under £25 ($31) in Europe, are more manageable for consumers. Such an offering could attract people trading down from premium gyms. Add in lower running costs — these facilities rarely have pools — and they look most resilient to weather the economic storm.

It’s a similar picture at the high-end. As luxury behemoth LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton noted, the rich are living in a separate economic world. That means their fitness regimens are protected too. Expect Equinox and the U.K.’s Third Space to outperform.

Life looks tougher for the midmarket players, with higher membership fees and running costs, although more premium U.S. operator Life Time Group said recently that fourth-quarter results would be better than expected.

With the industry returning to its normal seasonal pattern, the next few months will be crucial in determining just how robust the post-pandemic recovery turns out to be.

But right now, gyms can hope for a lasting commitment to healthy living rather than a post-holiday fitness fad.

Andrea Felsted is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering consumer goods and the retail industry. Previously, she was a reporter for the Financial Times. This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the editorial board or Bloomberg LP and its owners.

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