The largest dairy in Alaska will close Sunday, laying off 15 to 18 employees, the general manager said Friday.
Palmer-based Matanuska Creamery has failed to make payments on about $880,000 in state loans, according to the state. The Board of Agriculture and Conservation voted this month to deny a request that would have allowed the business to avoid a $50,000 payment.
"At some point you just have to draw the line. And that's what the board did. They said, 'We've had enough," said Assistant Attorney General Bob McFarlane, who is overseeing efforts to collect on the dairy's debts.
The closure ends the latest chapter in the trouble-plagued, heavily subsidized quest to build a sustainable dairy industry in Southcentral Alaska. Matanuska Creamery launched in 2008 after the closure of the state-run dairy Matanuska Maid left farmers with nowhere to sell their milk.
Using some equipment from the old Mat Maid plant, the new dairy soon fell behind in payments for milk, farmers say. Two prominent Valley farmers said Friday they are owed hundreds of thousands of dollars by the company and have long expected the closure.
"That plant probably could have handled 10 times the volume that we had," said Point MacKenzie farmer Wayne Brost. "So maybe in the economies of scale, it was overbuilt."
Located on the Palmer-Wasilla Highway, the dairy bought raw milk from dairy farms to create milk, ice cream, cheese and other products sold in Valley and Anchorage stores. It has recently produced about 600 gallons of milk a day -- down from a peak of about 2,100 gallons -- and is the milk supplier for the Mat-Su Borough School District, said general manager Karen Olson.
"The owners have been trying to keep this place alive for so long. Including myself buying a herd of cattle and trying to improve the supply of raw milk ourselves," Olson said.
The creamery's milk demand supports about 230 to 250 adult cows that will likely be slaughtered in the coming months, she said.
Brost said about 70 to 100 of his cows produce milk for the dairy -- milk he'll have to start dumping after Sunday.
"I've contacted the (state-owned) slaughter plant and told them there's a possibility I will need to be slaughtering my cattle in the future," he said.
Jean and Bob Havemeister began building a smaller-scale dairy in 2011 because Matanuska Creamery was failing to make payments for milk produced by cows on the Havemeister farm, Jean said. Her son, Ty, runs the new business.
"The writing's been on the wall for the last three years," Ty Havemeister said of Matanuska Creamery. "As far as the farmers, it's not a big shocker that they're going under."
Olson argues that the state could have done more to keep the dairy afloat. The agriculture board's job is to encourage agriculture in Alaska and it has abandoned that mission by refusing to accept new conditions on her loans, she argues. Olson has complaints about the handling of the loans, she said, and what she calls the "interlocking" relationship between farmers and the state.
Specifically: Jean and Bob Havemeister's daughter-in-law, Franci Havemeister, is director of the Agriculture Division and served in that role at the time the agriculture board approved $500,000 in loans to the Havemeister farm in August of 2011. (Franci Havemeister recused herself from discussions on the loans, according to minutes of the meeting.)
Olson said she filed an ethics complaint with the state attorney general's office this month, targeting that family relationship in hopes an emergency investigation would suspend action on her own loans.
Jean Havemeister said she is aware of the complaint. Franci Havemeister "has no control over any of the loans," she said.
Brost said he hopes the Havemeister dairy grows fast enough in the next two or three months to buy milk from his cows in addition to processing milk produced on the Havemeister's Mat-Su farm.
Matanuska Creamery made headlines this month when a grand jury indicted co-owner Kyle Beus on charges he misused federal grant money.
Olson said Beus remains part-owner of Valley Dairy, which owns and operates Matanuska Creamery but has not been involved in basic operations since 2008.
McFarlane, the assistant attorney general, said the Beus indictment played "no part at all" in the board's decision.
"Kyle Beus has pretty much been out of the picture for several years," he said.
'THE INDUSTRY IS BASICALLY BROKEN'
Matanuska Creamery is the biggest of three dairies in Alaska, according to the state Division of Environmental Health. The other two are the Havemeister creamery and the Northern Lights Dairy in Delta Junction.
The creamery's products are sold at both New Sagaya locations in Anchorage, Glacier Brewhouse, the Natural Pantry and other businesses, said employee Marie Turner. The creamery's last day of operation will be Sunday.
Olson had proposed new loan terms that would have allowed the dairy to continue operations at a new Wasilla location while avoiding a $50,000 payment requested by the state. The state Board of Agriculture and Conservation rejected that proposal Dec. 5, McFarlane said.
"They said, 'No, that's it. We've given and given and given and Valley Dairy just takes takes takes,'" he said.
Olson said she has appealed to the governor's office and local legislators, likening the closure of the creamery to shuttering a small oil well.
"The industry is basically broken now as an industry. It'll have to restart small, if it does," she said.
McFarlane said the state will recoup less than half the money loaned to the creamery.
By KYLE HOPKINS