A Southeast Alaska Native cultural organization is suing luxury retailer Neiman Marcus, saying the Dallas-based company violated copyright and American Indian arts protection laws in selling a knit coat with a geometric design borrowed from indigenous culture.
In the federal lawsuit filed Monday, Sealaska Heritage Institute maintains the retailer falsely affiliated the $2,555 “Ravenstail” coat with Northwest Coast Native artists through the design and use of the term Ravenstail.
The plaintiffs say the Ravenstail term and style have been associated for hundreds of years with Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian tribes. According to the lawsuit, the coat also mimics a Ravenstail coat created by a Tlingit weaver nearly a quarter century ago.
"For a very long time, they've been seen as kind of resources that anyone can use," Adams said. "And that goes beyond inspiration to outright violation."
Neiman Marcus representatives did not immediately respond to an email seeking comment.
Nieman Marcus has 43 stores throughout the U.S., none in Alaska.
Sealaska says it discovered the retailer was selling the coat in 2019.
According to the lawsuit, Neiman Marcus violated the Indian Arts and Crafts Act that requires that products marketed as “Indian” are actually made by indigenous people. The Juneau-based nonprofit works to preserve and enhance the culture of Southeast Alaska’s Tlingit, Haida and Tsimshian tribes.
Sealaska also says the Neiman Marcus robe violates the copyright of Clarissa Rizal, a late master weaver who created the Ravenstail robe in 1996. When she died in 2016, her family obtained the rights to the robe, Adams said.
Last year, Rizal's heirs registered the robe with the U.S. copyright office, the lawsuit says. The copyright was then exclusively licensed to Sealaska, the lawsuit says.
Plaintiffs seek an injunction prohibiting Neiman Marcus or parent companies from selling the coat, as well as unspecified compensatory, punitive and other damages.