The Tongass National Forest is part of the world’s largest contiguous temperate rainforest. If, in terms of storing carbon and releasing oxygen, the Amazon rainforest is considered to be the lungs of the planet, then the Tongass rainforest is a bronchial artery. The Tongass stores 44% of all the carbon stored in national forests and is considered to be a globally important carbon sink. As such, President Joe Biden’s recent action to reverse course and end clear-cutting of old growth in the Tongass is a much-needed breath of good news on the climate front.
Right now, the headlines are about a planet too hot and besieged by the impacts of climate change. Protecting old growth forest, some of which store carbon for 800 plus years, should be seen as an essential climate move. Although Alaska has been the poster state for climate impacts for literally decades, Biden’s action to reinstate the Roadless Rule is catching the ire of Alaska’s political leaders. However, it’s an ire that does not hold up to scrutiny.
In a joint press release by the all-Republican Alaska delegation, Sen. Lisa Murkowski said this about President Biden’s recent action: “Repealing the Tongass exemption from the 2001 Roadless Rule is wrong. It will cost jobs, diminish income, keep energy prices high, and cripple the ability of the communities in the region to develop a sustainable, year-round economy.” Not to be outdone was Sen. Dan Sullivan, who said, “Like many Alaskans, this morning I read the news that the Biden administration will be imposing sweeping, bureaucratic restrictions shutting down economic opportunities on Alaskans’ lands.”
Such a composite assessment of economic demise makes one think that the loss of jobs associated with old-growth logging must be vast and significant. Actual jobs numbers contained in “By the Numbers 2020,” a report prepared by Southeast Conference (a business support organization), tell a different story. As of 2019, timber jobs in Southeast numbered 372; that’s less than 1% of Southeast Alaska’s total jobs. By comparison, the visitor industry accounts for 8,394 jobs, or 18% of the jobs, and the seafood industry accounts for 8%. Together, tourism, recreation and fishing represent 26% of the jobs in Southeast. These are jobs dependent upon an intact, sustainably managed forest. These are jobs that benefit directly from Biden’s action to reinstate the Roadless Rule. These are the jobs that Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack spoke about in The Washington Post when he said, “This approach will help us chart the path to long-term economic opportunities that are sustainable.”
Furthermore, the Roadless Rule does not prevent all roads. The Roadless Rule protects against clear-cut logging and logging roads. Since it was established, all 57 requests to build roads that benefit community and economic interests, ranging from hydropower development to community infrastructure needs, were granted by the Forest Service.
This track record of road approval is often overlooked. For example, Gov. Mike Dunleavy responded in The Washington Post: “Our state’s southeast communities need fundamental access, like roads, and the economic development and resource development opportunities roads provide.”
With a significant portion of Southeast’s economy benefiting from an intact, sustainably managed forest, it should not be a surprise that a majority of Southeast Alaska residents support the Roadless Rule. But to many pro-logging folk, it is a surprise. In May of 2019, when President Donald Trump was seeking to roll back the Roadless Rule, Trout Unlimited did a poll and found that 60% of Southeast residents supported keeping the Tongass Roadless Rule in place.
So not only does the Roadless Rule reversal benefit 26% of Southeast Alaska’s economy as opposed to the less than 1% it harms, it is what locals want. As such, President Biden’s recent policy action on the Tongass National Forest wins on three levels – climate, jobs and community.
This is not the first time President Biden has bolstered jobs and the communities of Southeast Alaska. Let’s not forget that in May of this year, President Biden signed the Alaska Tourism Restoration Act, allowing cruise ships to bypass Canada and head straight for Southeast. With the stroke of his pen, Biden opened up the Tongass to thousands of much-needed visitors who will help restart the economies of communities from Ketchikan to Hoonah to Skagway. With the latest announcement on Tongass protections, President Biden not only protected the visitor attraction he has just opened, he also scored a major climate win ahead of the upcoming UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, Scotland.
Kate Troll, a longtime Alaskan, has over 22 years experience in coastal management, fisheries and energy policy and is a former executive director for United Fishermen of Alaska and the Alaska Conservation Voters. She’s been elected to local office twice, written two books and resides in Douglas.
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